Cultural References

Epinephrine (Things)

"He was allergic, but you know that. After the paramedic revived him with an epinephrine shot, Josh overpowered him and escaped out of the back of the ambulance."

Also called adrenaline, this hormone is naturally secreted by the human brain during times of stress and injury. It causes the "fight or flight" response, which leads to a rise in heart rate, blood pressure, and blood sugar, as well as expansion of the bronchial airways. In school, I was always taught that this response originated back in pre-historic, caveman days, when humans needed these physiologic changes to defend themselves from mammoths and sabre-tooth tigers. Yeah, that would do it. Today, a synthetic form of the hormone is used to reverse severe allergic reactions to foods and bee or wasp stings, which can, at their worst, lead to asphyxiation and death. An injectable dose of epinephrine is packaged in a handy pen-like syringe called — wait for it — an EpiPen, and severe allergy sufferers never leave home without it. Josh's EpiPen was probably confiscated when he was arrested, so he relied on the competence — and weakness — of the medical community to make his great escape. Sheriff Lamb assumes Veronica was in on the plan.

3.14 "Mars, Bars"

Cultural References